9 Types of Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution Types

When the pollutants get entry into the environment, which causes harmful effects not only to the living organism but to the environment also; this is called environmental pollution. These pollutants can be present in any form such as substances or energy in the environment, but when found in excessive amount can contaminate the environment. Pollutants or contaminants play a major role in polluting the environment.

The pollutants hamper our Eco-system by interfering with the natural activities of the environment.Day by day, development across the globe is increasing the level of pollution in the environment. The environmental pollution has many hazardous effects on humankind and on our planet itself.

In this article, we will discuss the different kinds of environmental pollution so that we can find out solutions to get rid of these pollutions –

Table of Contents

  • 1 Types of Environmental Pollution
    • 1.1 Air Environmental Pollution
    • 1.2 Industrial Environmental Pollution
    • 1.3 Water Environmental Pollution
    • 1.4 Noise Environmental Pollution
    • 1.5 Land Environmental Pollution
    • 1.6 Thermal Environmental Pollution
    • 1.7 Soil Environmental Pollution
    • 1.8 Light Environmental Pollution
    • 1.9 Radioactive Environmental Pollution

Types of Environmental Pollution

There are many different forms of environmental pollution, such as air, water, noise, light, etc. The rate of environmental pollution through all these means is increasing quite rapidly, which is a situation of great worries. The condition of our planet is very alarming. We must know the problem in detail to find out an excellent solution to the problem. Hence, let’s discuss the different types of environmental pollution to find out the prevention to save the environment and our planet.

  • Air Environmental Pollution

Air pollution is one of the major kinds of environmental pollution that results in extremely hazardous effects on humanity and the environment as well. The rate of air pollution is increasing day by day with the increase of urbanization & industrialization.

When harmful substances such as dust, various toxic gases (such as SO2, CO, NO2, etc.), smoke, etc. released in the atmosphere, the air gets contaminated automatically, both human and natural activities cause air pollution. For example – emission of pollutants from factories are human activities that cause air pollution; on the other hand, forest fire causes air pollution, which is a natural activity.

Air pollution causes many health problems to human such as cardiovascular illness, respiratory issues hinder the oxygen supply in the body, decreases the functioning of lungs, etc. Air pollution may also cause some severe health issues such as cells damaging, chances of heart attack, etc.

forms of environmental pollution – Air pollution

More causes of air pollution:

  • Fumes Exhausted by vehicles.
  • Industrial Plants and Factories emit air pollutants.
  • Power Plants using fossil fuels
  • Natural causes like forest fires, dust storms, and Volcanoes.
  • Heavy Construction and agricultural pollution (ammonia).

More effects of air pollution:

  • Leads to acid rain.
  • Increases global warming.
  • Household activities increase indoor air pollution.
  • Airborne diseases are affecting both humans and animals.

Also check: Pollution causes and effects with solutions

  • Industrial Environmental Pollution

When industrial waste, chemicals, toxins, contaminants, etc. are releasing in the environment through air, water, or land, it causes industrial pollution. The air gets polluted through industrial fumes, water gets contaminated through the disposal of contaminants in water bodies, and waste from industries gets accumulate in a landfill, making the environment polluted. Industrial pollution may cause an imbalance in the ecosystem, hampers the health of plants, animals & humans and disturbs the ecology of water bodies, etc.

Industrial pollution has become one of the major types of environmental pollution that is continuously increasing after the industrial revolution. The industries should cooperate in minimizing the industrial pollution from its sources itself before it spreads in the environment in different ways.

The toxic metals from industries must be minimized so that it cannot accumulate in the environment. The emission of toxic gases should also be controlled. The bottom line is that if consumers can limit their requirements & demand, then the supply will automatically be minimized. As a result of which the pollution from various industries can be reduced to some extent.

Other causes of industrial pollution:

  • Using old technologies which cause more pollution
  • Lack of proper rules and regulations
  • Lacks adequate disposal of waste
  • High industrial growth

Other effects of industrial pollution:

  • This leads to water pollution.
  • This leads to land pollution.
  • Increase in ocean acidification.
  • Burning fossil fuels lead to air pollution.

Also Read about: How can we prevent ocean acidification?

  • Water Environmental Pollution

Water is our primary need. We cannot even think of our life without water, but unfortunately the water bodies such as rivers, oceans, lakes, groundwater, etc. are contaminating at an alarming rate. Water gets polluted when the contaminants such as harmful chemicals, industrial wastes, fertilizers, etc. entered into the water bodies.

Water pollution is mainly caused by various unhealthy activities of human beings such as dumping industrial waste, sewage disposal, dumping wastes, mining, oil spills, etc. These pollutants affect the Eco-system underwater by spoiling the life of numerous plants & animal species underwater. Water pollution not only harms aquatic life but affects the entire food chain directly or indirectly.

Water pollution is a huge global environmental issue that has to be tackled as early as possible. Plastic disposal is one of the major causes of water pollution. Well, this is good for those who care for our planet. As per local media, G20 countries have committed to work together to minimize plastic ocean waste.

Apart from this, the Queensland state parliament has approved laws to save the Great Barrier Reef. The main objective of these laws is to minimize the sediment & pesticides coming from the farms along the coastline. There are many initiatives taken by different countries to do some necessary steps to tackle water pollution worldwide.

  • Noise Environmental Pollution

The high-pitched sound that seems unpleasant to our ear causes noise pollution. When the intensity of sound crosses 85 dB, it causes discomfort to us both mentally & physically. It also comes under types of environmental pollution as noise pollution affects not only human health but is also harmful to animals.

Effects of noise pollution in humans include:

  • It may cause hypertension.
  • Blood pressure problems.
  • An increase in stress level.
  • Leads to anxiety.

Effects of noise pollution in animals includes:

  • Reproductive problems.
  • Breeding problems.
  • Production issues.

In some severe cases of noise pollution, an individual can permanently lose hearing power. There may be several reasons for noise pollution such as loudspeakers, disco, marriage functions, industrial noise, etc.

We should implement the necessary measures to prevent the environment from noise pollution. For example – Use earplugs, Lower the volume to avoid unnecessary noise pollution, stop using loudspeaker late night, strictly follow the noise pollution limits, try to prevent noise pollution near sensitive zones like hospitals, regularly check the noise level of your vehicles & other equipment, etc.

Also Read – Importance of Environmental Education

  • Land Environmental Pollution

When the quality of the Earth’s surface decreases, it is called land pollution. Human activities majorly cause land pollution. The leading causes of land pollution are improper disposal of wastes, garbage, chemical products, etc. Fertilizers, pesticides, toxins, etc. released from factories and agricultural wastes also cause land pollution. The main causes of land pollution include rapid construction, mineral exploitation, acid rain, chemicals used in agriculture, etc. Land pollution eventually hampers the health of living organisms.

Many countries are making new rules and regulations to tackle land pollution and are also very strict on their laws. Greece is an excellent example. The Govt. of Greece has announced to treat plastic waste to save its beaches. The Greece Govt. has prioritized plastic pollution and also made a resolution to stop single-use plastic by June 2020.

San Francisco has also taken an excellent initiative. ‘San Francisco International Airport’ has banned the selling of single-use plastic bottles. These small initiatives will become revolutionary steps towards environmental protection.

  • Thermal Environmental Pollution

The release of extreme heat in the environment is called thermal pollution. The major reasons of thermal pollution are vehicles & industries or factories. The excessive heat released from vehicles & factories may cause unwanted changes in nature. Thermal pollution is also polluting the water bodies on the Earth’s surface. In short, thermal pollution is also a reason for water pollution. Earth’s temperature is increasing day by day due to thermal pollution and eventually causing climate change, global warming, wildlife extinction, etc.

Environmental pollution types: Land and soil pollution.

Causes of thermal pollution:

  1. Increases Toxin levels
  2. Biodiversity in danger
  3. Increases temperature of the water
  4. Leads to soil erosion and deforestation

Effects of thermal pollution:

  1. Marine life Reproductive System is affected
  2. Migration of marine species because of warm water
  3. Loss of life of many fishes and insects.
  4. Huge environmental impact.
  • Soil Environmental Pollution

Soil pollution occurs when unwanted toxins and chemicals get dissolve soil. The pesticides or insecticides used for agriculture makes the land unfit by absorbing the nutrients. Deforestation is another reason for soil pollution. Soil degradation (through excessive grazing, excessive farming, extreme mining activities, etc.) also causes soil pollution. Soil pollution is contaminating the surface of the earth, and hence the environment is also getting polluted.

  • Light Environmental Pollution

Light pollution occurs when the artificial light is used excessively that enlightens the skies at night. The cycle of natural activities gets upset due to light pollution. As a result of light pollution, wildlife is also getting affected by causing an unnecessary nuisance. The light pollution is mainly observed in metropolitan & busy cities.

  • Radioactive Environmental Pollution

Well, radioactive pollution caused due to the irresponsible disposal of nuclear waste, unwanted events happening in nuclear plants, etc. Radioactive pollution is termed as the most hazardous pollution due to its permanent effects on living organisms & the environment too. Radioactive pollution may cause blindness, skin allergy, infertility, etc.

However, it is quite hard to avoid radiation in our life because radiation is everywhere. Our cell phones, medical examination equipment, etc. everything runs on radiation. We are surrounded by radiation at every moment of our life. The best option to protect ourselves from radiation is to maintain some distance from gadgets and equipment. We also should minimize the use of these types of equipment to save the environment.

Other causes of radioactive pollution:

  • Some cosmic rays not visible to human eyes.
  • Nuclear tests and accidents.
  • Radiation tests.
  • Increases of geological processes by mining.
  • Using radioactive chemicals.

Other effects of radioactive pollution:

  • Many skin diseases, including cancer.
  • Genetic mutations.
  • Leads to soil infertility, and nutrients quality decreases.
  • Burning of skin.

If you can think of more types of environmental pollution, reply in the comment box, we will update it. In the meantime, share this article with your friends.



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